Last Updated: 09 Jan, 2019     Views: 8467

So, you have a book/article/etc by Brown, and he has cited a work by Smith.  You want to use that information, but who do you cite?

If you are just paraphrasing the information, and you don't need to mention the original author, you can just cite the work you have in front of you without worrying about the original author.

However, if you actually want to cite the original author (because you are drawing attention to the fact that they said it, or because it's a direct quote), then you would use a secondary citation.

In text, you say:

Smith (as cited in Brown, 2009) noted that "..." (p. 6).


It was noted that "..." (Smith, as cited in Brown, 2009, p. 6).

In the reference list you only mention Brown's work (because you only reference what you actually read).

Remember, you don't have to use a secondary citation for every piece of information your author got from another source - you only need to use a secondary citation if you are using Smith's exact words, or referring to her work or theories, but you have only read Brown's work (where he cited her).

The APA LibGuide has more information on this under the ‘What if. . . ?’ tab.

Related Topics

Contact Us

Townsville +61 7 4781 5500 or ext 15500 (select option 2)

Cairns +61 7 4232 1777 or ext 21777 (select option 2)