Last Updated: 12 Dec, 2018     Views: 283

How to cite web pages changes depending on the style. 

Most styles require the author of the page (which may be a corporation or department, rather than a person); the date (at least the year) the page was list updated; the title of the page or document; and the URL for the page.  Some styles also require the date you last looked at the site.  Then you have to look at the appropriate pattern for the style to format it properly (we have instructions for all of our major styles on the Referencing LibGuide.  If you aren't sure where to find the information for your style, let us know and we'll point you in the right direction.

This example is based on the assumption that you are using APA (an AMA example is further below):

International Business Machines. (ca. 2016). Stockholder services. Retrieved from

Some notes:

1. My author is the company.  Although they are commonly called IBM, when you go to their "About" page to find their contact details, you can see they still trade under the longer name of International Business Machines Corp.  Generally, you ignore things like "Corp" or "Pty Ltd", and just use the company name (unless there's an actual, named person responsible for that page - in which case you'd use that person as your author).

2. There wasn't a publication date on the page, but the text referred to something that happened in 2016, so I knew the page had to have been updated this year.  The "ca." in my date (short for "circa") is used because the publication date isn't official, but I have reasons to believe it is the date the page was produced.

3. The page is an honest-to-goodness web page, not a document that can be downloaded, so the title isn't in italics.  If it was a pdf, or other kind of downloadable file, I would have put it in italics.

In text, this would look like this, the first time you mentioned it: (International Business Machines [IBM], ca. 2016), and from then on you could write this: (IBM, ca. 2016).

If you were using AMA, it would look like this:

  1. International Business Machines. Stockholder services. IBM website. Updated 2016. Accessed May 19, 2016.

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